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For startups, a shareholders` agreement is an essential document that helps to set out the terms and conditions governing the relationship between the company and its shareholders. It is a legal contract that outlines the rights, obligations, and responsibilities of shareholders, and it helps to provide clarity on key issues that could affect the company`s success.

A shareholders` agreement sets out the rules for how the company will be managed. This includes who will make decisions, how decisions will be made, and what happens when decision-makers disagree. It is often used to set out the roles and responsibilities of the board of directors, and it can also specify the company`s policies on things like issuing new shares or distributing dividends.

One of the most important aspects of a shareholders` agreement is how it deals with the transfer of shares. This will set out how shares can be transferred or sold between shareholders, and may include restrictions on such transfers. For example, one common restriction is a right of first refusal, which means that existing shareholders must be given the opportunity to buy any shares that are being sold before they are offered to outside investors.

Having a shareholders` agreement in place can also help to prevent disputes and resolve conflicts that may arise between shareholders. Some common disputes that can be addressed in a shareholders` agreement include disagreements over the valuation of the company, disagreements over how profits should be distributed, and conflicts arising from the actions of individual shareholders or directors.

Overall, a shareholders` agreement is a critical document for startups. By providing clarity on key issues and setting out the rules for how the company will be managed, it helps to ensure that the business is able to focus on achieving its goals and growing successfully. If you are a startup founder, it is highly recommended that you seek legal advice and draw up a shareholders` agreement as soon as possible.